English

These Days

– Vocabulary: Match the activities with the meaning

see someone (คบหาดูใจ)look for a job (หางาน)be crazy about something (อินกับบางอย่างมากๆ)plan a trip(วางแผนไปเที่ยว)
read a fiction (อ่านนิยาย)learn to cook (เรียนทำอาหาร)cut down on sugary drinks (ลดเครื่องดื่มหวาน ๆ)spend a lot of money on clothes (ใช้เงินไปกับเสื้อผ้าเยอะ)
save up for something (เก็บเงินเพื่อบางอย่าง)lead a healthy lifestyle (ใช้ชีวิตเพื่อสุขภาพที่ดี)keep up with news (ติดตามข่าวสาร)take some time ouy from work/school (พักจากงานหรือเรียน)

– Language Focus: Present Continuous for temporary situations

Subject + verbs to be + v.ing + …
I am listening to hip hop a lot these days.
She is learning to drive lately.
Verbs to be + subject + v.ing + …?
Are you looking for a job these days?
Is she learning to drive lately?
Wh word + verb to be + subject + v.ing?
Why are you taking some time out these days?
Where is she learning to drive lately?

– Practice Complete the sentences with the present continuous form of verbs.

  1. ฉันเรียนขับรถอยู่ช่วงนี้
    I am learning to drive lately.
  2. ช่วงนี้แอนกำลังคบหาดูใจกับบางคนอยู่
    Ann is seeing someone recently.
  3. ช่วงนี้เพื่อนๆของฉันอ่านนิยายกัน
    My friends are reading a fiction these days.
  4. ในสัปดาห์นี้ ฉันกำลังวางแผนเที่ยวกับเพื่อนอยู่
    This week I am plaining a trip with up friends.
  5. ช่วงนี้แม่ใช้เงินไปกับเสื้อผ้าเยอะ
    My Mom is spending a lot of money on clothes these days.

Getting Around

– Vocabulary: Fill the verbs into the matching sentences

drive (ขับรถ)on foot (ด้วยเท้า)take (รับ)commute by (เดินทางโดย)
ride (ขี่)get to …. by (ไปถึงโดย)fly to (บินไป)get around by (ไปไหน มาไหน)
  1. My father likes to ride motorcycle to the mall. He can get there quickly in traffic.
  2. I usually go to school on foot because my school is close to my house, less than 10-minute walk.
  3. We will travel to Japan next week. We will fly to Haneda airport.
  4. It is better to commute by BTS to the office during rush hours.
  5. Jane doesn’t know how to drive a car but she knows how to ride a bicycle.
  6. I get to the post office by bus because it is cheap.
  7. My friends live in a big city. They get around by different transportation such as subway and taxi.
  8. We have to take the next train to Huahin.

– Language Focus: Simple present statements

Present SimpleSingularPlural
AffirmativeHe/ She/ Jane drives to work
Most verbs add –
Some verbs add -es: s, sh, ch, x, 0
Verbs ending in -y change to ies
Some verbs change – have -> has
I/ You/ We/ They drive to work
NegativeHe/ She/ Jane doesn’t drive to workI/ You/ We/ They don’t drive to work
Yes/No- QuestionDoes he/ she /Jane drive to work?Do I/ you/ We/ They drive to work?
Wh-QuestionWhen does he/ she/ Jane drive to work?When do I/ you/ We /They drive to work?

– Practice: Complete the sentences using present simple form

  1. I take [take] the cus to school. I don’t walk [not/walk].
  2. Jonathan has [have] a car. He drives [drive] to work.
  3. Anne doesn’t walk [not/walk] to school because the weather is too hot.
  4. Do you ride [ride] a bicycle on the weekend?
  5. My parents take [take] the train to work. They go [go] to the city.
  6. Jennie usually flies [fly] to Australia. Her mom lives [live] there.
  7. My neighbor rides [ride] a motorcycle to work. He doesn’t have [not/have] a car.
  8. When do you commute [commute] to work?
  9. My family an I don’t like [not/like] to fly. We normally drive [drive] a car.
  10. Jane doesn’t take [not/take] the bus. She usually takes [take] a subway.
  11. Does your sister get [get] to university van?
  12. My friends and I go [go] Huahin once a year. We normally take [take] a train there.

What does she do?

– Vocabulary: Occupations

an accountant (บัญชี)a company employ (พนักงานบริษัท)a flight attendant (พนักงานตอนรับบทเครื่องบิน)a receptionist (พนักงานต้อนรับ)
a server (พนักงานเสริฟ)a handyman (ช่างซ่อมบำรุง)a sales clerk (พนักงานขาย)a business owner (ธุรกิจส่วนตัว)
a dentist (หมอฟัน)an interpreter (ล่าม)a bank teller (พนักงานธนาคาร)a tour guide (มัคุเทศน์)

– Language Focus: Present Simple with WH

WH-word + do/does + subject + verb?

– “You and plural subject”

What do you do?I work as a sales clerk./ I am a sales clerk.
When do you work?I work from Monday-Friday.
I work from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
How do you go to work?I take a sky train to work
Where do your friends work?They work in Chidlorm.
What company do Mark and Rob work work for?They work for Star company.

– “Thirs person singular subject”

What does your sister do?My sister us a flight attendant.
My sister works as a flight attendant.
When does Jane work?Jane works from Wednesday to Sunday. She works from 11:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
Why does Henry go to work?He takes the bus to work
Why does your friends want to be a doctor?My friend wants to help people.
What company does Paul work for?Paul works for Walts company.

– Practice: Make questions from the given answer.

  1. Q: Where does he work?
    A: Make works in the hospital in upcountry.
  2. Q: What company do your friends work for?
    A: My friends work for PP company.
  3. Q: How does your MOM go to work?
    A: My mother usually takes a taxi to work. She somethimes drives.
  4. Q: When do you work?
    A: I work on Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.
  5. Q: Why do you work as an interpreter?
    A: I’m an interpreter because I love to learn new languages and I can speak English and Japanese.

It’s pretty safe

– Vocabulary: Districts

downtown (ตัวเมือง)the suburbs (ชาญเมือง)a shopping district (ย่าน ช๊อปปิ้ง)
a college campus (วิทยาเขตวิทยาลัย)a recreational area (พื้นที่ สันธนาการ)a nighspot (สถานบันเทิงยามค่ำคืน)
countryside (ชนบท)a residential area (ย่านที่อยู่อาศัย)a tourist attraction (แหล่งท่องเที่ยว)

_ Language Focus: Quantifiers

Countable nounsUncountable nouns
Are there many restaurants?
– Yes, there are a lot.
– Yes, there are a few.
– No, there aren’t any.
Is there much crime?
– Yes, there’s a lot.
– Yes, there’s a little.
– No, there isn’t any.
How many restaurants are there?
– There are ten or twelve.
How much crime is there?
– There’s a lot of street crime.

– Practice: Translate the sentences into English.

  1. มีร้านอาหารหลายร้านแถวบ้านฉัน แต่มีโรงเรียนสองสามที่
    There are a lot of restaurants in my neighborhood but there are a few shools.
  2. แถวบ้านของฉันมีร้านกาแฟเยอะมากแต่ไม่มีร้านสะดวกซื้อเลย
    There are a lot of coffee shop in my neighborhood but there isn’t any convenience stores.
  3. แถวบ้านคุณมีสถานที่พักผ่อนหลายแห่งมั้ย
    Are there a lot of/many recreational areas in your neighborhood?
  4. แถวบ้านคุณมีเสียงดังมากมั้ย
    Is there mush noise in your neighborhood?
  5. แถวบ้านคุณมีที่เที่ยวกลางคืนกี่แห่ง
    Are there a lot of nightspot in your neighborhood?

I Always Hang Up My Clothes

– Vocabulary: Chores Phrasal verb

stock up the frige (ตุนของในตู้เย็น)cook up a meal (ปรุงอาหาร)pick up the magazines (เก็บนิตยสาร)sweep up the floor (กวาดพื้น)
clean up the yard (ทำความสะอาดพื้นที่)hang up the clothes (แขวนเสื้อผ้า)put away the dishes (เก็บจาน)wash up the dishes (ล้างจาน)
wipe off the counter (เช็คเคาร์เตอร์)clean out the cabinet (ทำความสพอาดตู้, เคลีย์ตู้)freshen up the room (ทำให้ห้องสดชื่น)take out the garbage (เก็บขยะ)

– Language Focus: Separable Phrasal Verb

– I take out the garbage.
– I take the garbage out.
– I take it out.
– Could you hang up your clothes?
– Could you hang your clothes up?
– Cloud you hang them up?
– I wash up the dishes.
– I wash the dishes up.
– I wash them up.
– You need to wipe off the counter.
– You need to wipe the conter off.
– You need to wipe it off.

– Practice: Complete the sentences with the correct verbs. Use “it” or “them”

clean outfreshen uppick uptake out
clean up hang upput awaywipe off
  1. A living room is a mess. Let ‘s clean it up before mon and dad come back.
  2. Why are your clothes on the chair? Can you hang them up in the closet?
  3. The garbage is full. Could you clean it out right away, please?
  4. This closet is full of old clothes and bage. Let’s put them away .
  5. The dishes are in the dishwasher. Would you take them out for me?
  6. This table isn’t clean. Can you wipe it off before dinner, please?
  7. Why is the house smell so bad? Could you freshen it up before the party?
  8. Your books and magazine are all over the floor. Would you pick them up, please?

Work and free time activities

– Vocabulary: daily routine

take a class (เข้าเรียน)attend a meeting (เข้าร่วมประชุม)sleep in (ตื่นสาย)make an appoinment (ทำการนัดหมาย)
follow up with work (ติดตามผลงาน)discuss work (คุยงาน)start work / finish work (เริ่มงาน /เสร็จงาน)leave home (ออกจากบ้าน)
go on social mediago grocery shopping (ไปซื้อของชำ)chill out (ชิล)cook a meal (ทำอาหาร)
arrive at work (มาถึงที่ทำงาน)catch up with work (ทำงานให้ทัน)stay up late (นอนดึก)do chores (ทำงานบ้าน)

– Language Focus: Talking about time and activities

– Asking and talking about time and activities

What time do you + (verb unfibitive) ?What time is + [noun]?
What time do you attend the meeting?What time is the meeting?
What time do you study English?What time is the class?

– Prepsition of time

InOnat
ใช้กับ ช่วงเวลา เดือน ฤดู หรือปีใช้กับ วันที่ และวันใช้กับ เวลา (ชม. / นาที)
I usually go abroad in January.I work out an Saturdays.I get up at 7 o’clock
The river is dry in summer.I get paid on the 20 every month.My English class starts at noon.

Rules of the workplace

– Vocabulary: Put pharses into the correct category.

arrive at work on time (มาทำงานตรงเวลา)smoke in the car park (สูบบุหรี่ที่จอดรถ)were casual clothes (ใส่เสื้อผ้าไม่เป็นทางการ)bring pet (เลี้ยงสัตว์)
use Facebook in working hours (ใช้งาน FB ในเวลาทำงาน)have a neat appearance (ดูลักษณะเรียบร้อย)got to work late (ไปทำงานสาย)gossip other co-workers (คุยเล่นกับเพื่อนร่วมงาน)
eat smelly food (กินอาหารที่เหม็น)talk quietly (คุยเงียบ ๆ)keep the table tidyknock the door (เคาะประตู)
keep a healthy relationship (รักษาความสัมพันธ์ที่ดี)chitchat on the phone (คุยนินทาในโทรศัพท์)offer help (ให้ความช่วยเหลือ)chew gum in a meeting (เคี้ยวหมากฝรั่งในห้องประชุม)

– Language Focus: Modal verbs for rules

Modal VerbsExamples
Can/ CannotYou can use your phone. / You can’t use your phone.
May/ May notYou may smoke in the car park. / You may not smoke in the car park.
Must / Must notYou must have a neat appearance. / You must not wear flip-flops to work.
be permitted / be not permittedYou are permitted to bring pet. / You are not permitted to bring pet.

– Asking abount rules and for permission

QuestionExample
Modals verbs + subject + V.1 ?Can I eat smelly food here?
Am I permitted to bring pet here?

– Practice: Translate the sentences into English.

  1. คุณห้ามใส่ชุดลำลองไปทำงาน [be not permitted]
  2. ทุกคนสามารถนำสัตว์มาเลี้ยงมาที่ทำงานได้ในวันศุกร์ [may]
  3. ฉันสามารถทานอาหารที่มีกลิ่นในนี้ได้ไหม [can]
  4. คุณห้ามเคี้ยวหมากฝรั่งในที่ประชุมเด็ดขาด [must]
  5. พนักงานสามารถเล่นเฟสบุค 2 ชั่วโมงในเวลาทำงานได้ [be permitted]

There’s a lot of light

– Vocabulary: Things around the house

wardrop (ตู้เสื้อผ้า)dining table (โต๊ะอาหาร)bathtub (อ่างอาบน้ำ)coffee table (โต๊ะกาแฟ)refrigerator (ตู้เย็น)
cupboard (ตู้เก็บของในครัว)lamp (โคมไฟ)shelves (ชั้นวางของ)parking space (พื้นที่จอดรถ)stove (เตา)
armchairs (เก้าอี้มือวาง)washing machine (เครื่องซักผ้า)picture frameworking table (โต๊ะทำงาน)curtains (ผ้าม่าน)

– Language Focus: There is/ There Are/ How Much/ How Many

– Are There/ Is There
Are There …?Is There …?
Are there any cupboard?
Yes, there are.
Is there a lot of space in your house?
Yes, there is.
Are there any picture frames in your house?Is there a lot of noise in your room?
No, there isn’t.
– How many/ How much …?
How many cupboard are there?How much light is there?
There are a lot of / some /a few cupboard.
There is one cupboard.
There is lot of / some / a little light.
There aren’t any cupboard.There isn’t any light.

Can you turn down the music

– Vocabulary: Every requests

lend me money (ให้ยืมเงิน)help me with my homework (ช่วยฉันทำการบ้าน)help me clean (ช่วยกันทำความสะอาด)get me coffee (ช่วยซื้อกาแฟให้ฉัน)
make me something to eat (ทำอะไรบ้างอย่างเพื่อกิน)drop me off (ไปส่งฉันที)sleep over (นอนค้าง)turn on the TV (เปิดทีวี)
pass me salt (ส่งเกลือให้ฉัน)turn down the music (หลี่เสียงrun an errandlook after my pet

– Language Focus: Making and responding to a request

Making a requestAgreeing to a requestDisagreeing to a request
Can you turn down the music, please?Sure, no problem.I’m afraid i can’t
Could you pass me salt, please?Sure, here you are.I’m sorry i can’t
Would you help me with my work please?I’d be happy to.I’m sorry. Idon’t know how to.
Do you think you could help me clean?Certainly, yes.I would love to but …
Do you mind lending me your phone, please?No, I don’t mind.I’m sorry but yes I do.

I would like to check in

– Vocabulary

a double room (ห้องนอนคู่ 1 เตียง)a family room (ห้องนอนแบบครอบครัว)a beach front room (ห้องนอนติดชายหาด)
a twin room (ห้องนอนเตียงเดียว 2 เตียง)a triple room (ห้องนอนเตียงเดียว ผสมคู่ เพื่อนอน 3 คน)a single room (ห้องนอนเตียงเดียว นอนคนเดียว)
an interconnection room (ห้องนอนที่มีทางเชื่อมถึงกัน)a suite (ห้องนอนแบบประตูเชื่อมถึงกัน มีพื้นที่ทำงาน)a duplex room (ห้องนอนแบบมีชั้นลอย)

– Language Focus: Useful Hotel Pharses

ReceptionistGuest
…[greeting]… welcome to …[hotel]…
How may i help you?
I’m checking in. The name is …
I would like to check in please. My name is …
May I see your ID, please?
May I have your passport, please?
Yes, here you are.
Of course, here you go.
That’s…[room]…for …[number]… nights?
Example: That’s a twin room for 2 nights.
That’s right.
I’m sorry. I booked for … [2 nights]…
May I have your credit card, please?
Do you have a credit card?
Yes, here you are.
Of course, here you go.
Could you fill out this form, please?
Could you sign here, please?
Yes, sure
Certainly
You room number is …. on the … floor.
You’re in room … on the … floor.
Would you like the bellboy to take your bags for you?
Thank you.